Alexanda Amon Kotey, a former British citizen, served as an ISIS terrorist and participated in the captivity of American and European hostages in Syria.
He is among those responsible for the 2014 executions of four American citizens; James Wright Foley, Kayla Jean Mueller, Steven Joel Sotloff, and Peter Edward Kassig, all of whom died as hostages in ISIS custody.
Kotey, 37, also participated in hostage operations involving British, Italian, Danish, and German nationals, among others.
According to court records, Kotey and two other ISIS members supervised the terrorist organization’s jails and detention facilities at which the hostages were held and were responsible for transferring hostages between detention facilities.
The former ISIS militant engaged in a “prolonged pattern” of physical and psychological violence against the hostages in an effort to “control” them and compel the victims’ family members and the U.S. government to pay large monetary ransoms for their release.
Often, this would end with public beheadings that were videotaped and uploaded online, as was the case with American journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff, aid worker, Peter Kassig, and British citizens David Haines and Alan Henning.
Kotey and alleged co-conspirator El Shafee Elsheikh, 33, whose case remains pending in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, were captured together in January 2018 by the Syrian Democratic Forces as they attempted to escape Syria for Turkey.
Another member of the group, Mohamed Emwazi, who conducted the videotaped beheadings, was killed in November 2015 in a U.S. military airstrike in Syria.