“No more proxy voting,” McCarthy declared. “Effective immediately, Members of Congress have to show up to work if they want their vote to count.”
The controversial proxy voting system in the U.S. House of Representatives was extended through the Christmas period by former House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), who cited an ongoing “public health emergency.” Pelosi originally pushed the absentee voting measure through Congress in May 2020 and has consistently extended it.
The measure passed by a vote along party lines in January 2021, allowing lawmakers to work from home amid the pandemic while purportedly satisfying the Constitution’s requirement that lawmakers be present at Capitol Hill to vote on and approve legislation. This was achieved by allowing other legislators to vote on their behalf.
Proxy voting was expected to be in effect for a limited time under the provisions outlined in H.Res. 965, sponsored by Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.) because not much was known about COVID-19 in 2020.
Republicans and the chamber’s sole independent member, Rep. Justin Amash (I-Mich.), voted unanimously against the rule. Only three Democrats, on the other hand, voted against it.
Since its approval, Republicans have generally been against the proxy voting measure.
Mostly Used by Democrats
The Ripon Society conducted a study and found that the proxy voting practice was mainly and extensively used by Democrats in 2021. According to the study, most Republican House members have avoided using it.
Out of the 17,263 proxy votes cast in 2021, representing 9.3 percent of all votes that year, 72.4 percent were cast by Democrats and 27.6 percent were cast by Republicans.
Out of the 440 members in the House, 339 of them utilized the proxy voting system at least once.
Broken down by party, 89.78 percent (202 out of 225) of Democratic House members have used the proxy voting system at least once. In contrast, 63.72 percent (137 out of 215) of Republican House members have voted by proxy at least once.